SIMILAR ARTICLES

BNR analysis: Radiography of investments in Romania – under what conditions capital accumulation occurs

Foreign direct investment (FDI) and expectations regarding the demand have a positive influence on capital accumulation in Romania, while uncertainties play an inhibiting role, especially… Mai mult

National gross minimum wage: in Romania and EU countries

  Romania ranks second to last among EU states in terms of national gross minimum wage, according to data published by Eurostat, at a level… Mai mult

Some charts: Perfect chaos in Romanian budgets. A 4-year analysis of difference between law and implementation

Although at first glance it is difficult to draft them, Romania’s public budgets are, in fact, a series of indicators and lists of revenues and… Mai mult

Tax authority’s “armed arm” was handed over to Prognosis Commission. How strongest governmental structure looks?

ANAF’s new president, Mihaela Triculescu, handed over to the National Commission for Strategy and Prognosis – CNSP the power to decide what companies are to… Mai mult

Current account deficit – Romania goes to opposite direction compared to EU countries

Romania is clearly distinguishing itself within the EU in terms of current account deficit evolution, with the second highest current account deficit in 2017 and… Mai mult

Cronicile

BNR – Risk map: Credit default risk got right to “high” level top position

de Adrian N Ionescu , 18.6.2018

The deterioration of investors’ confidence in emerging economies and the default risk of loans to companies and population are the biggest risks to financial stability in Romania, according to a report published on Thursday by the National Bank of Romania (BNR).

The default risk of non-governmental loans is a new entry on the risk map (in this form) and directly positioned at the high systemic risk level, according to the first report of this year on the financial stability.

The current report also includes companies in this risk, compared to the previous report, which had only identified the risk of “the increasing population’s indebtedness.”

The credit default risk trend is stagnant, while the risk of investor confidence’s deterioration is on the rise, unlike the report in December 2017, when the outlook for this latter risk was stagnant.

*

  • The map of risks to financial stability in Romania
  • Deterioration of investors’ confidence in emerging economies
  • Default risk of non-governmental loans
  • Increasing tension in the macroeconomic balance
  • Low payment discipline in the economy, vulnerabilities in companies’ balance sheet
  • Increase in the real estate prices
  • Severe systemic risk  High systemic risk      Moderate systemic risk          Low systemic risk

*

Of the other three risks, “Low payment discipline in the economy, vulnerabilities in companies’ balance sheet” (moderate) has entered a growing trend compared to the previous report, and the increasing tension in macroeconomic balances maintains its increase prospect.

The outlook for real estate prices is steady.

Confidence deterioration

“A rapid deterioration of investors’ confidence in emerging markets is the most important risk for the next period,” says the BNR report.

The main factors influencing this risk are:

  • The normalization of monetary policies of the main central banks at a faster pace than anticipated by investors, amid increased inflationary pressures or worries about the rate of economic growth;
  • trends in the global trade, in the context of the adoption of some protectionist measures;
  • Uncertainties about Brexit and new trade agreements;
  • adverse and sudden market reactions that have the potential to generate significant contagion effects and feed other vulnerabilities existing in the financial system.

“These developments have also been reflected in the temporary increase in costs of financing the states, both in emerging countries (such as Romania) and in developed ones (such as Germany, whose bonds are a benchmark including for our country), ” says the report.

 

Evolution of the return of state bonds denominated in RON on the secondary market, depending on maturity             Return of state bonds with a 10-year maturity

The BNR Governor has stated that there is no unanimously accepted definition of the normalization process of monetary policies and interest rates are still low in Romania.

Credit default risk

Although the risk of default has not materialized, it is a vulnerability that can be manifested in the context of the global trend of interest rate levels returning to historical trends,” the NBR report said.

*

  • Annual probability of default in the basic macroeconomic scenario
  • Mortgage loan Consumer loans

*

The risk of default is the result of factors related to:

  • payment discipline in the economy;
  • the suitability of bank lending standards to the moment of granting the loans;
  • draft legislation that has encouraged moral hazard;
  • the volume of bad loans granted to this segment in the national currency resumed an upward trend and increased by 13% (March 2018 versus March 2017);
  • the probability of default on a one-year horizon (March 2018 – March 2019) resumed an upward trend;
  • the total debt of the population continued to increase in nominal terms in 2017, mainly due to the significant rise in the mortgage credit (+ 13%, in median value, March 2018/April 2017) and the consumer credit (+ 17%);

*

  • Total debt of population
  • Billion RON     % of GDP
  • Consumer credit CI    IFN consumer credit
  • Balance of assigned consumer credit            Mortgage credit CI
  • IFN Mortgage credit    Balance of assigned mortgage credit
  • Credits removed from the balance sheet       Total debts of population (% of GDP)

*

  • the debt/income ratio (DSTI) of debtors earning between the regulated minimum national wage and the average national wage is significantly higher than the ratio for people with higher incomes;
  • a possible increase of 10 percentage points of DSTI would lead to a 6% increase in the probability of default for the mortgage credit and by 3% for the consumer credit.
  • the bad loan ratio for the loan portfolio with DSTI over 60% is 10%, twice the value of the entire portfolio of exposures to the population.

“In this context, the asymmetry of the indebtedness by income remains an important concern, as the DSTI for debtors earning between the regulated minimum national wage and the average national wage is significantly higher than for people with higher incomes,” the BNR report said.

Increasing tension in macroeconomic balances

The risk continued to manifest especially related to the evolution of twin deficits.

“The intensification of the aggregate demand in the national economy led to the deepening of the current account deficit and the impulse generated on imports eroded the favourable effect of the accelerated export growth”.

The budget deficit is at the maximum threshold of 3% of GDP

The structural deficit has deteriorated to 3.3% of GDP in 2017 (from 2.1% in 2016), above the medium-term target of 1%, and is projected to reach 3.8% at the end of the year 2018.

*

  • Increasing tension in macroeconomic balances
  • Structure of goods balance deficit      Share of the current account balance in GDP (2017)
  • Note: Grouping of goods was made based on the classification by Large economic categories (MCE), according to statistic methodology of international trade of goods

*

The polarization of the economy is significant: top 100 firms accounted for about 47% of the aggregate net result for the whole economy (compared to 42% in June 2016), while top 100 companies by the level of negative results represent 28% of total losses in the whole economy”.

The BNR is “concerned” with the effect of corroborating the tension from the macroeconomic balance with a potential deterioration in investors ‘sentiment towards emerging markets, an increasing indebtedness of the population and the vulnerabilities in companies’ balance sheets.

All these factors can “generate pressures on the financial stability by amplifying the effects on debtors’ capacity to pay either through the interest rate channel or the exchange rate channel.”

Payment discipline in the economy was mixed: the amount of arrears decreased, while the volume of major payment incidents increased.

*

  • Low payment discipline in the economy, vulnerabilities in companies’ balance sheets
  • Delays in payments registered by state-owned companies
  • June 2016       June 2017       June 2016       June 2017
  • (billion RON)   (billion RON)   (% of total arrears) (% of total arrears)
  • Intra-company arrears
  • Arrears to the budget
  • Arrears to other debtors
  • Delays in payments registered by private companies
  • Intra-company arrears
  • Arrears to the budget
  • Arrears to other debtors

*

The main determinants are reduced capitalization in a large proportion of firms, the lax financial discipline or the loopholes in the corporate insolvency.

Besides, the ratio between debtors and creditors got unbalanced, and mutual trust has deteriorated.

The systemic risk generated by rising house prices has lower amplitude but it may amplify the other risks identified, especially related to the rising population indebtedness.

House prices maintain on an upward trend in 2017, similarly to the developments in the region.

These price dynamics translates into the need to access higher mortgage loans, which in the context of longer maturities and greater sensitivity to changes in interest rates might put pressure on the debtors’ ability to honour the debt service”, says the BNR Report on Romania’s Financial Stability.

Mergeți în homepage ›

Publicat la data de 18.6.2018

Lăsați un comentariu


NEWS

"Iceberg" operation: ANAF announces that it selected 487 companies which are to be audited based on risk analysis

Virgil Pirvulescu, Vice President of ANAF at PwC Annual Tax Conference The National Agency for Tax Administration (ANAF) has identified 487 large and medium-sized companies… Mai mult

Commissioner Corina Cretu: There is a risk that Magurele Laser will not be completed during this budget implementation

In the absence of a rapid response from the Romanian Government to the European Commission, there is a risk that Magurele Laser can no longer… Mai mult

Romania joins countries that recognize Juan Guaidó as interim president of Venezuela

The Presidential Administration announced on Friday that President Klaus Iohannis, "as the head of Romania’s foreign policy decisions and Romania's representative at the external level,… Mai mult

AmCham Romania: Counterproductive public policies have reched an alarming level

Further to the message on the impact of OUG 114/2018 transmitted on Thursday to the organizations in the Coalition for Development of Romania (CDR), AmCham… Mai mult

Finance minister stopped borrowing money from the market. Teodorovici: We have funding resources for minimum six months

Minister of Public Finance (MFP), Eugen Orlando Teodorovici, has ordered to stop borrowing operations on the market because MFF would have all the money needed… Mai mult

BNR: If we sold foreign currency to defend Romanian leu, as PSD wants, interest rates would explode and ROBOR would go over 5-7 percentage points

The National Bank of Romania wants a "loyal cooperation" with the Ministry of Public Finance, and that involves a prior consultation with the central bank… Mai mult

Tax on bank assets was not included in 2019 draft budget

The tax on bank assets was not included in the 2019 draft budget, published on Thursday evening by the Ministry of Public Finance (MFP). According… Mai mult

Eruption on foreign exchange market: Mechanism of spiralling depreciation. Euro - sudden surge to 4,759

The average euro exchange rate, calculated by the National Bank of Romania (BNR), suddenly climbed sharply to a new record level of 4.7569 RON /… Mai mult

ANAF starts controls at large taxpayers. Mission stated: Combating phenomenon of externalisation of profits

The National Agency for Fiscal Administration has publicly announced the start of the "Iceberg" operation - a large fiscal control action targeting big companies operating… Mai mult

It becomes increasingly harder for the state to borrow: Finance Ministry has attracted only a quarter of targeted 400 million

The Ministry of Finance (MFP) has only managed to sell five-year government bonds amounted to RON 110 million out of the RON 400 million issued… Mai mult

"Perfect storm" that "calls for a crisis": Bankers - about "greed ordinance"

The most important bankers in Romania say that the effects of the tax on greed will be very serious and difficult to repair over time.… Mai mult

Increasing energy price - miners' strike brings imports up to 16% of consumption

  Rovinari power plant, part of Complex Energetic Oltenia, closed one of its energy groups on Wednesday night because of the lack of coal, as… Mai mult

A flow of initiatives against compensatory appeal: 188 of detainees released committed robberies, rapes, crimes

USR will file on Monday a bill on repealing the compensation appeals law, based on which thousands of detainees were released from prison before completing… Mai mult

Mugur Isarescu: "Ordinance weird thing" reduces monetary policy efficiency, which will not help Government

The National Bank of Romania (BNR) will convoke the National Committee for Macro-prudential Supervision, where the Ministry of Finance will be required to clarify the… Mai mult