Romania is the European country where the largest number of jobs will be lost following the automation – about 61.93% of the current jobs, draws the attention the National Bank of Romania, in the first Financial Stability Report of this year.
The European average share of jobs threatened by automation is 54%, estimated for the next one or two decades.
- Ratio of jobs that risk disappearing because of automation
The data provided by the central bank quotes a European Commission communication issued in 2016 which takes over the Bruegel calculations according to the Frey and Osborne (2013) methodology.
Much above the European average are also Portugal (58.94%), Croatia (57.91%), Bulgaria (56.56%) and Greece (56.47%).
Among the most affected categories of professions are estimated to be administration, manufacturing and agriculture. The most affected occupations will be the low-skilled and low-paid ones.
These jobs will disappear because of the extensive automation and use of robots, which will also require new skills for the future jobs.
Solution and an example
That is why states will be forced to adapt their policies in the field and first the education systems so that graduates to get the skills that would benefit from the technological developments instead of being threatened by them, Brugel noted.
In Romania, for comparison, it should be remembered that Dacia had a degree of automation of 5% at the end of 2015 compared to 90% in some Renault factories in Europe, according to the former general manager of the company, Nicolas Maure.
The company’s strategy provides for the automation to increase to 20% by 2020.