The economic growth on the first three quarters of 2018 was 4.2%, both in gross series and the seasonally adjusted series, according to data published… Mai mult›
Budget revenue, historical minimum – below two-thirds of EU average as a share of GDP. Declining trend and low values across the board
Romania ranked penultimate among EU member states in 2017 in terms of budget revenues share of GDP, according to Eurostat data. With only 25.8%, our… Mai mult›
Hourly labour costs grew by 13.91% in the third quarter of 2018 compared to the same period in 2017 (+1.53% compared to Q2 2018), according… Mai mult›
“Man, there is still time”/ We meet 13 out of 14 criteria on European dashboard: but how do we overcome two neuralgic points?
According to Eurostat, Romania observed 13 of the 14 indicators set for the scoreboard of the macroeconomic situation in the EU member states last year.… Mai mult›
Romanian research has come below the level registered at the EU accession moment. And it reached one sixth of EU 2020 target
Romania insists on staying on the penultimate position among the European Union member states in terms of R & D expenditure in 2017, according to… Mai mult›
de Marin Pana , 24.9.2018
The degree of urbanisation classification based on the European methodology (LAU 2 level or Local Administrative Units, formerly NUTS 5) is made in urban centres (large cities), cities and suburbs (small towns and adjacent areas to major cities) and rural areas, based on the principle of population density on squares of 1 km.
Basically, there are densely populated areas, intermediately populated areas and sparsely populated areas.
We have urban centres (at least 50% of the population live in an urban centre, cities and suburbs) – less than 50% live in an urban centre but over 50% in an urban agglomeration and rural areas – more than 50% of the population lives in sparsely populated areas.
Each urban centre must cover at least 75% of the population of a city. This approach ensures that all urban centres are represented by at least one city, even though this urban centre accounts for less than 50% of the population of an LAU 2 administrative unit. Simply put, urban centres along with cities and suburbs can be aggregated in urban areas and the rest, in rural areas.
These methodological explanations are absolutely necessary to correctly perceive how Romania individually distinguishes itself in the European context in terms of employment rate distribution by the degree of urbanization.
Besides the relatively low figure of 68.8% (the Europe 2020 strategy requires for an employment rate of at least 75% at the EU level, but only set a target of 70%), we hold an atypical position of the intermediately populated areas, (small) cities and suburbs.
In developed Western countries (such as Germany, France, the Netherlands, Austria, etc.), this employment indicator is the highest in rural areas. In the Eastern EU, at our Bulgarian and Hungarian neighbours, as well as in the Baltic countries or Poland, rural areas register the lowest employment rate.
In contrast, although it has the highest employment rate in urban centres, Romania registers the lowest level Not in rural areas, but in the area with the intermediate density of cities and suburbs (the only countries that have this borderline distribution are not exactly like us, Ireland and Cyprus).
This is an important feature that we should consider in the development programs and for lowering differences between urban and rural areas.
Basically, there is a clear distinction in our case between large urban agglomerations and small towns or areas with a low urbanization degree. Which, despite the fact they do not qualify as rural areas, they are islands of under-employment, implicitly of poverty and underdevelopment.
How other EU states are
For reference, we mention that the highest employment rates in the 20-64 age group were registered in Sweden (81.8%), Germany (79.2%), Estonia (78.7%), the Czech Republic (78.5%), the United Kingdom (78.2%), the Netherlands (78%), Denmark (76.9%), Lithuania (76%) and Austria (75.4%) and these states are already above the target level for 2020, of 75%.
At the other end of the spectrum, we find Greece (57.8%, despite an increase of 1.6 percentage points last year), Italy (62.3%), Croatia (63.6%) and Spain (65.5%). The Balkan – Latin contrast with the North of the continent (which also includes three states in the former Eastern bloc) explains, at least partially, the chronic competitiveness gap.
On top by gender gap in employment
It is noteworthy, as another national specific, not detailed by degrees of urbanization (although it would be interesting) the gap of over 17 percentage points between employment rates in men and women, where we are among the countries with the highest levels in the field, the record being held by Malta (26.1 pp.), Italy (19.8 pp.) and Greece (19.7 pp.).
It is a fact that we are positioned, from this perspective, before Poland and Hungary and far before Bulgaria. A country that, surprisingly from this point of view, has, in terms of the gender gap in employment, a similar level to Germany and France. With the men category at a minimum distance from the EU average, but with the women category at more than six percentage points below the related average.
- Employment rate of the population between 20-64 years (%) in some EU countries
- Total men women difference
- EU 28
*If we were to overlap the two specific characteristics of Romania, the need for a significant increase in the number of jobs would result, as a national priority, especially for women population in small towns and suburbs.
Or, if you want, the former policy of the socialist era aimed at creating “complementary” enterprises for women in the new cities that emerged across the country following the urbanization policy.
Lăsați un comentariu
The benchmark government bond yield jumped above the 5% threshold on Thursday. The Ministry of Public Finance (MFP) attracted RON 300 million from banks on… Mai mult›
The Ministry of European Funds has taken out Iasi-Tg. Mures highway project from the Large Infrastructure Operational Programme 2021-2027 and the Ministry of Transport already… Mai mult›
Senate postpones discussions on DNA’s request on waiving immunity of Calin Popescu Tariceanu until February 2019
The Senate has decided that it will put to the vote the decision to waive Calin Popescu Tariceanu's immunity only in the spring session, that… Mai mult›
Implementation of 5G technology, a multiplication effect in economy of EUR 4.7 billion - announces Sorin Grindeanu (ANCOM)
The National Authority for Management and Regulation in Communications (ANCOM) launched on Wednesday the National Strategy for the Implementation of 5G Technologies in Romania for… Mai mult›
Some of the amendments to the criminal codes will generate mistrust regarding Romanian state's ability to ensure the legality, stability and predictability of business relationships… Mai mult›
European Semester / European Commission asks Romania to correct its medium-term structural deficit by 1% of GDP
Minister Eugen Teodorovici is pressured by the EU to reduce the budget deficit After finding that the Government has done nothing to adjust the deviation… Mai mult›
The Government adopted on Thursday the ordinance that provides for the general framework for the establishment of a Sovereign Fund. Later, after new talks with… Mai mult›
The representatives of Ford Craiova met on Wednesday with mayors of 30 localities from Dolj county in order to stimulate the attraction of 1,700 new… Mai mult›
Development strategy / Government squeezes even investment money from its own companies: EUR 120 million from only two entities in energy field
Nuclearelectrica (SNN) and Romgaz (SNG) have calculated the additional dividends to be paid to the state after the Ministry of Finance (MFP) sent to the… Mai mult›
DNA, officially: Senate President is suspected of having received a USD 800,000 bribe. Case file opened at a request from Austrian judicial authorities
The case file in which the DNA requested the waiving of the Senate President’s immunity was opened at the request of Austrian judicial authorities and… Mai mult›
Romania has to recover illegal state aid worth EUR 60 million granted to Compexul Energetic Hunedoara, announced the European Commission with a statement released on… Mai mult›
The Ministry of Public Finance (MFP) intends to borrow in November RON 4.74 billion, 1.4% more than in the previous month, according to the Ministry.… Mai mult›
IRUM Reghin launched the first 100% Romanian tractor, announced Digi24, designed and built by the company’s engineers, 15 years after the Romanian tractor manufacturing disappeared.… Mai mult›
Romanians from abroad sent as much money to Romania as Government attracted from European funds and subsidies
Romanians working abroad sent EUR 2.695 billion to the country in the first eight months of 2018, equalling the European funds and subsidies received in… Mai mult›